UPSC Prelims 2023 Question:
In India, which one of the following Constitutional Amendments was widely believed to be enacted to overcome the judicial interpretations of the Fundamental Rights?
a) 1st Amendment
b) 42nd Amendment
c) 44th Amendment
d) 86th Amendment
Learn more about Constitutional Amendments in the below-given explanation.
During the initial months of the working of the Constitution, certain difficulties were brought to light by judicial decisions and pronouncements especially in regard to the chapter on fundamental rights. The citizen's right to freedom of speech and expression guaranteed by article 19(1)(a) had been held by some courts to be so comprehensive as not to render a person culpable even if he advocates murder and other crimes of violence.
As a result of this, the Constitution (First Amendment) Act, 1951 was passed. It’s object was to amend Article 19 for the purposes indicated above and to insert provisions fully securing the constitutional validity of zamindari abolition laws in general and certain specified State Acts in particular.
The First Amendment Act made a number of important changes to the Constitution, including:
Therefore, option (a) is the correct answer.
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