Greece’s Gateway to Asia, India’s Gateway to Europe

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Greece’s Gateway to Asia, India’s Gateway to Europe Blog Image

Why in News?

  • The upcoming state visit of Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis to New Delhi marks a significant step in the ongoing efforts to establish a strategic relationship between Greece and India.
  • This diplomatic endeavour follows the historic visit of Indian PM to Greece in August 2023, which sparked excitement among Greek political leaders and business figures.
  • The anticipation surrounding Greek PM’s visit reflects the shared commitment to deepen bilateral ties and cooperation across various domains.

Geopolitical Significance of Indo-Greek Relationship

  • A Strong Foundation Based on Longstanding Ties
    • The historical context of the developing relationship between Greece and India(diplomatic relations established in 1950)adds depth to their contemporary diplomatic efforts.
    • Moreover, the diplomatic exchange gains significance against the backdrop of India's rising status as a global power.
    • India is viewed not only as an old friend but also as a dynamic and influential player on the international stage.
  • Contemporary Diplomacy:
    • The historic visit of Indian PM to Greece in August 2023 marked a pivotal moment, setting the stage for increased collaboration.
    • The excitement generated in Greece, particularly among political leaders and business figures, underscored the perceived opportunities in forging a strategic partnership with India.
  • Important Geographical Location of Both Countries
    • The geopolitical significance of this burgeoning relationship is heightened by the geographical locations of both nations.
    • Greece and India find themselves strategically positioned in regions crucial to the global system, albeit facing geopolitical volatility.
    • Recent events in the Red Sea underscore the interdependence of the East Mediterranean, where Greece is situated, and the Indian Ocean region on security, stability, and prosperity.
    • The awareness of these shared challenges emphasises the strategic imperative for Greece and India to collaborate and contribute to regional and global stability.
  • A Strategic Vision: Gateway to Europe and Asia
    • Greek PM’s assertion that India will find no better gateway to Europe than my country, and for Greece, there is no better gateway to Asia than a close strategic relationship with India.
    • It encapsulates the recognition of each country's unique role in serving as a bridge to the other's region.
    • This understanding reflects not only a pragmatic acknowledgment of geographical realities but also a strategic vision to leverage each other's strengths for mutual benefit.

The Current State of Bilateral Relationship between India and Greece

  • Slow and Steady Progress
    • While the relationship between Greece and India has been marked by historical ties and shared enthusiasm, the pace of bilateral cooperation has been characterised by a gradual and measured progression.
    • In this context, it is crucial to explore the various dimensions of collaboration, acknowledging both the positive developments and the need for accelerated momentum.
  • Military Collaboration
    • Over the years, military collaboration between the two nations has seen some positive strides.
    • Joint exercises involving the Indian Navy, Indian Air Force, and the Greek armed forces have been undertaken, showcasing a commitment to enhancing mutual understanding and coordination.
    • Reciprocal exercises are in the planning stages, demonstrating an ongoing effort to deepen military ties.
    • These joint military initiatives not only contribute to regional security but also signify a growing level of trust and cooperation between the armed forces of Greece and India.
  • Economic Collaboration
    • On the economic front, there have been noteworthy instances of collaboration that point towards a burgeoning partnership.
    • Examples include an Indian construction company collaborating with a major Greek construction firm on a significant project to build a new airport on the island of Crete.
    • Such initiatives highlight the potential for cross-border investments and partnerships that can contribute to economic growth and diversification.

Economic Reforms and Importance of IMEEC

  • BITA Economic Reforms
    • Greece's active support for deeper EU-India relations adds another layer of significance to the economic reforms.
    • As Greece works towards expeditiously concluding the EU-India bilateral trade and investment agreement (BTIA), it signals a commitment to creating an enabling environment for enhanced economic collaboration.
    • The BTIA is poised to serve as a catalyst, providing a structured framework for trade and investment and fostering closer economic ties between the EU and India.
  • A Path to Deeper Ties: Economic Reforms Within Greece
    • The economic dimension of the Greece-India relationship gains prominence as Greece, under the leadership of PMKyriakos Mitsotakis, embarks on a journey of significant economic reforms.
    • Over the last five years, the Mitsotakis government has undertaken measures aimed at steering the Greek economy towards a more sustainable growth trajectory.
    • This transformation positions Greece as not only a reliable eastern flank of the European Union (EU) but also a potential linchpin in broader geopolitical and economic strategies.
  • IMEEC Corridor: A Significant Vision
    • As Greece solidifies its role in the Eastern Mediterranean, the idea of constructing the India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor (IMEEC) emerges as a compelling vision.
    • The IMEEC represents a comprehensive economic initiative that seeks to connect India, the Middle East, and Europe through a seamless corridor, fostering trade, investment, and economic collaboration.
    • This ambitious proposal aligns with the shared vision of both nations to deepen their economic ties and explore new avenues for cooperation.

Ways Ahead to Deepen Indo-Greek Ties

  • Cross-Cultural Understanding
    • By increasing university student exchange programs, there will be a deliberate effort to expose the younger generation to each other's cultures, traditions, and educational systems.
    • This not only enhances cross-cultural understanding but also lays the foundation for future collaborations and friendships.
  • Cultural Exchanges
    • Cultural exchanges stand as another pillar in strengthening ties between Greece and India.
    • By promoting cultural events, exhibitions, and festivals, both nations create opportunities for their citizens to experience and appreciate the diversity of each other's cultural expressions.
    • This will serve as bridges that connect the hearts and minds of people, fostering a sense of shared identity and appreciation for the uniqueness of each culture.
  • Media Cooperation: Bridging the Information Gap
    • Media cooperation is identified as a crucial avenue to bridge the geographical gap and keep the citizens of both nations informed about the developments, cultural nuances, and societal trends.
    • Collaborative efforts in media, including joint productions, cultural documentaries, and news coverage, facilitate a nuanced understanding of each other's realities.


  • The exchange of visits between the political leaders of Greece and India within a short timeframe reflects their determination and the urgency attached to advancing the strategic partnership.
  • As the world enters a critical year in 2024, the responsibility now lies with policymakers and businesses to build upon this momentum and strengthen the Greece-India strategic partnership.

Q1) What is the India Middle East Europe Economic Corridor (IMEEEC)?

The India Middle East Europe Economic Corridor (IMEEEC) is a proposed economic corridor that seeks to strengthen economic ties and connectivity between India, the Middle East, and Europe. It aims to enhance trade, investment, and cooperation in various sectors such as infrastructure, energy, and technology. The corridor is envisioned as a strategic initiative to boost economic growth and foster collaboration among the participating nations.

Q2) What potential benefits and challenges are associated with the implementation of the India Middle East Europe Economic Corridor? 

The India Middle East Europe Economic Corridor holds the potential to stimulate economic growth, create employment opportunities, and facilitate technology transfer among the participating regions. However, challenges may include navigating diverse geopolitical landscapes, addressing infrastructure gaps, and ensuring effective policy coordination. The successful implementation of the corridor could significantly impact the economic landscape by promoting regional integration, diversifying trade routes, and fostering a more interconnected and resilient economic ecosystem.

Source: The Hindu