Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS)

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The recent Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) has reported that the unemployment rate in the country has shown a decrease between April and June 2023.

Key Findings:

  • The Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR) for persons of age 15 years and above and the Worker-Population Ratio (WPR) improved during the period.
  • The LFPR in urban areas increased from 47.5% in April-June 2022 to 48.8% in April-June 2023 for persons of age 15 years and above. 
  • The WPR in urban areas increased from 43.9% in April-June 2022 to 45.5% in similar months in this year for persons of age 15 years and above.
  • For male,it increased from 68.3% to 69.2% and for female, it increased from 18.9% to 21.1% during this period.

About Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS):

  • Considering the importance of availability of labour force data at more frequent time intervals, the National Statistical Office (NSO) launched the Periodic Labour Force Survey in April 2017.
  • Objective:
  • To estimate the key employment and unemployment indicators (viz. Worker Population Ratio, Labour Force Participation Rate, Unemployment Rate) in the short time interval of three months for the urban areas only in the ‘Current Weekly Status’ (CWS).
  • To estimate employment and unemployment indicators in both ‘Usual Status’ (ps+ss) and CWS in both rural and urban areas annually.
  • The indicators of this survey are defined as follows
  • Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR): LFPR is defined as the percentage of persons in the labour force (i.e. working or seeking or available for work) in the population.
  • Worker Population Ratio (WPR): WPR is defined as the percentage of employed persons in the population.
  • Unemployment Rate (UR): UR is defined as the percentage of persons unemployed among the persons in the labour force.
  • Current Weekly Status (CWS): The activity status determined on the basis of a reference period of last 7 days preceding the date of survey is known as the current weekly status (CWS) of the person.
  • This survey is conducted by the National Sample Survey office (NSO), working under the Ministry of statistics and programme implementation (MoSPI).

Q1: What is the National Sample Survey?

It is a large-scale survey conducted by the Indian government to collect data on various socioeconomic aspects of the country's population. It is one of the most comprehensive and reliable sources of data for understanding the living conditions, consumption patterns, employment, and other important characteristics of the Indian population.

Source: Unemployment rate declined, says Centre’s survey