5th cycle of the All India Tiger Estimation

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Prime Minister recently released the summary report of the 5th cycle of the All India Tiger Estimation.

Highlights of the 5th cycle of the All India Tiger Estimation:

  • India's tiger population rose by 200 in the past four years to reach 3,167 in 2022.
  • According to the data, the tiger population was 1,411 in 2006, 1,706 in 2010, 2,226 in 2014, 2,967 in 2018 and 3,167 in 2022
  • The number of tigers has almost doubled in the last two decades in the country.
  • As many as 1,161 of India’s tigers are now in Central India, 824 in the Western Ghats, 804 in the Shivalik Range, 194 in the North-eastern states and 100 in the Sunderbans
  • The Western Ghats, which are home to the largest tiger population in the world, have shown a significant fall in the occupancy of tigers.
  • Tiger occupancy has also declined in the states of Jharkhand, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, and Telangana.
  • The north-western states such as Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh now have more tigers outside reserves, requiring officials to step up habitat conservation.
  • The period covered in the survey — 2018 to 2022 — also saw 551 tiger deaths, with 208 of them adults. 


Q1) What is the International Big Cat Alliance (IBCA)?

It is a proposed mega-global alliance that will work toward the protection and conservation of the seven major big cats — tiger, lion, leopard, snow leopard, puma, jaguar, and cheetah.Membership to the alliance will be open to 97 'range' countries, which contain the natural habitat of these big cats, as well as other interested nations, international organizations, etc.

Source: India's tiger population was 3,167 in 2022, highlights census data released by PM