About Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve

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Overview:

A seven-month-old female tiger cub was recently found dead under suspicious circumstances at Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve.

About Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve

 

  • Location:
    • It is located in the Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh.
    • It is spread over the Vindhya hills.
  • Bandhavgarh was declared a national park in 1968 and then became Tiger Reserve in 1993.
  • It derives its name from the most prominent hillock in the area, which was said to be given by Hindu Lord Rama to his brother Lakshmana to keep a watch on Lanka. Hence the name Bandhavgarh (Sanskrit: Brother's Fort).
  • It is known for the Royal Bengal Tigers. The density of the tiger population at Bandhavgarh is the highest known in India as well as in the world. 
  • Topography: Varies between steep ridges, undulating forests and open meadows. 
  • Flora:
    • The vegetation of Bandhavgarh is specially filled with Sal forest in the valleys, and Bamboo stretches on the lower slopes of the region.
    • Some of the most famous floral species include Saj (Terminaliatomentosa), Dhaora (Anogeissus latifolia), Tendu, Arjun (Terminalia arjuna), Amla (Emblica officinalis), Palas (Butea monosperma) etc.
  • Fauna:
    • The important prey species consists of chital, sambhar, barking deer, nilgai, chinkara, wild pig, chowsingha, langur and rhesus macaque.
    • Dependent upon them are the major predators like tiger, leopard, wild dog, wolf and jackal.

 


Q1) What are Vindhya hills?

The Vindhya Range, often referred to as the Vindhyas, is a prominent mountain range in central India. It stretches across the Indian states of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and parts of Bihar and Rajasthan.

Source: 7-Month-Old Female Tiger Cub Found Dead In Madhya Pradesh Reserve