Key findings of the Survey:
- As per the report, two species, namely white-rumped vulture and red-headed vulture, considered critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) list, have been documented in the survey,
- Two endangered species — Pallas’s fish-eagle, Egyptian vulture were also counted by the researchers in the survey.
- Four vulnerable bird species — great hornbill, great slaty woodpecker, grey-crowned prinia and river tern — have also been counted in the survey.
About Corbett Tiger Reserve
- It is located in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand which encompasses the Patli Dun valley.
- The Ramganga, Sonanadi, Palain and Mandal, and Kosi rivers form the prominent hydrological resource for the Corbett.
- The core area of the reserve contains the Corbett National Park and the Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary is part of its buffer area.
- Flora: The trees which contribute to the Flora of Corbett consist of evergreen Sal and its combined trees, the Sheesham, and the Kanju found extensively on the ridges.
- Fauna: Tiger, Leopard, Elephant, Hog deer, spotted deer, Samber etc.
Q1) What is the International Union for Conservation of Nature?
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is a global organization dedicated to conserving nature and promoting sustainable use of natural resources. It is widely recognized as a leading authority on the status of species and ecosystems, and it plays a crucial role in setting conservation priorities and advocating for environmental protection.