About Dudhwa Tiger Reserve

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The carcass of a two-year-old tigress was recently recovered from the buffer zone of the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve.

About Dudhwa Tiger Reserve:

  • Location: It is located on the Indo-Nepal border in the district Lakhimpur-Kheri in Uttar Pradesh.
  • It includes the Dudhwa National Park, and two nearby Sanctuaries, viz. Kishanpur and Katerniaghat, besides forest areas of North Kheri, South Kheri and Shahjahanpur forest divisions in its buffer.
  • Rivers: The Sharda River flows by the Kishanpur WL Sanctuary, the Geruwa River flows through the Katerniaghat WL Sanctuary and the Suheli and Mohana streams flow in the Dudhwa National Park, all of which are tributaries of the mighty Ghagra River.
  • Vegetation: The vegetation is of the North Indian Moist Deciduous type, containing some of the finest examples of Sal forests (Shorea robusta) in India.
  • Flora: The flora is predominantly Sal forest alongwith its associate tree species like Terminalia alata (Asna), Lagerstroemia parviflora (Asidha), Adina cordifolia (Haldu), Mitragyna parviflora (Faldu), Gmelina arborea (Gahmhar), Holoptelea intgrifolia (Kanju) etc.
  • Fauna:
    • The major mammals include: Guldar, Tiger, Fishing cat, Monkey, Langur, Mongoose, Small Indian Mongoose, small Indian civet, Jackal etc.
    • Birds include a wide variety of species, which include migratory and resident ones like Dabchick, spotbilled pelican, Large cornorant, Little cormorant, Grey Heron, White stork, Black storck, White Ibis etc.
    • Reptiles include: Mugger, Ghariyal, Python, Sandboa, Banded krait, Russel’s viper, Rat snake etc.


Q1) What is a Tiger Reserve?

A protected area statutorily designated for the conservation of the striped big cats is referred to as Tiger Reserve. However, a tiger reserve may also be a national park or wildlife sanctuary.

Source: UP: Tigress found dead in Dudhwa buffer zone Lakhimpur Kheri