According to Eravikulam National Park (ENP) officials, a Fernarium has been established within the park, and this is the first time such a fern collection has been established in the hill station
About Eravikulam National Park:
- It is situated in the Kannan Devan Hills of the southern Western Ghats of Kerala.
- This is also the land of “Neelakurinji”, the flower that blooms once in twelve years.
- The Anamudi peak is situated on the southern side of the Park.
- Flora: The major part of the park is covered with rolling grasslands, but several patches of shola forests are also found in the upper part of the valley.
- Fauna: The Nilgiri Tahr, Gaur, Sloth Bear, Nilgiri Langur, Tiger, Leopard, Giant Squirrel and wild dog are common.
What is a Fern?
- Ferns are part of the Epiphytic family. They grow naturally in a soilless condition.
- The plants obtain water and nutrients through leaching from trees.
What are Epiphytes?
- An epiphyte is a plant that does not place roots in the ground to grow but on the surface of other plants.
Q1) What is special about Neelakurinji?
Neelakurinjiscientifically known as Strobilanthus kunthianus, is a shrub that grows in the shola forests of the Western Ghats in South India. The plant is named after the famous Kunthi River which flows through Kerala’s Silent Valley National Park.