Recently, during the BRICS meeting, the Prime Minister of India gifted a Gond painting to the Brazilian president Lula da Silva.
About Gond Painting:
- It is a famous folk art of the Gond tribal community of central India.
- It is done to preserve and communicate the culture of the Gond tribal community.
- Themes: Gond tribes are highly interlinked with nature and this appears in their paintings too. They include animals, mahua tree, mythological stories, Hindu gods, Local deities and folktales etc.
- The artist uses his distinctive pattern and style to fill the images; these style signatures are used in collage to make a complete picture such as Dots, fine Lines, Curved Lines, Dashes Fish Scales etc.
Key facts about Gond Tribe
- The Gonds are the largest Adivasi Community in India and can be traced to the pre-Aryan era.
- The word Gond comes from Kond, which means green mountains.
- They are a heterogeneous group spreading over large areas from the Godavari gorges in the south to the Vindhya Mountains in the north.
- They live in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, and Odisha.
- The majority speak various mutually unintelligible dialects of Gondi.
Q1) Who is a tribe?
Tribes, also referred to as indigenous peoples or ethnic minorities, are distinct social and cultural groups that often have their own unique languages, customs, traditions, and ways of life. These groups have historically inhabited specific regions and have developed their own systems of governance, belief systems, and cultural practices.