Recently, the Central government has suspended the Director of the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) citing irregularity in recruitment.
About International Institute for Population Sciences:
- It was formerly known as the Demographic Training and Research Centre (DTRC) till 1970.
- It was established in July 1956 under the joint sponsorship of Sir Dorabji Tata Trust, the Government of India and the United Nations.
- It serves as a regional centre for Training and Research in Population Studies for the ESCAP region.
- The Institute was re-designated to its present title in 1985 to facilitate the expansion of its academic activities.
- It was declared as a 'Deemed to be University' on August 14, 1985, under Section 3 of the UGC Act, 1956 by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India.
- The recognition has facilitated the award of recognized degrees by the Institute itself and paved the way for further expansion of the Institute as an academic institution.
- IIPS holds a unique position among all the regional population centres.
- It was the first such centre started, and it serves a much larger population than any of the other regional centres.
- The Institute is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.
- Institute had conducted many prime surveys like National Family Health Survey (NFHS), District Level Household Survey (DLHS), Assessment of National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), YOUTH in India Project etc.
Q1) What is population census?
A population census is an official and systematic process of collecting, compiling, and analyzing demographic and social data about the inhabitants of a country or a specified geographic area. The census is usually conducted by the government, and it aims to provide a comprehensive snapshot of the population's characteristics at a specific point in time.