A recent modelling study by the World Health Organization (WHO) and commissioned by the Jal Shakti Ministry reported that Jal Jeevan Mission would succeed in averting close to 4,00,000 deaths from diarrhea.
About Jal Jeevan Mission:
- It is envisioned to provide safe and adequate drinking water through individual household tap connections by 2024 to all households in rural India.
- It is based on a community approach to water and will include extensive Information, Education and communication as a key component of the mission.
- Nodal Ministry: Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation under the Jal Shakti Mantralaya.
- This Mission focus on integrated demand and supply side management of water at the local level, including creation of local infrastructure for source sustainability like rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household wastewater for reuse in agriculture.
- The Mission will converge with other Central and State Government Schemes to achieve its objectives of sustainable water supply management across the country.
- Funding Pattern:
- 50:50 between Centre and States
- 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States.
- In case of UTs, 100% funding is provided by the Central government.
Q1) What is central sector scheme?
A central sector scheme refers to a government-sponsored program or initiative that is fully funded by the central government of a country. These schemes are typically implemented and administered by the central government and are aimed at providing benefits or services directly to the citizens or specific sectors of the economy.