Recently, three persons engaged as mahouts in the Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve have been arrested for capturing and consuming a rare species of freshwater turtle inside the National park.
About Kaziranga National Park:
- It is located in the state of Assam.
- It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site and houses two-thirds of the total world population of greater one-horned rhinoceros.
- It is a mix of eastern wet alluvial grasslands, semi-evergreen forests and tropical moist deciduous forests.
- It is primarily famous for its dense and tall elephant grasses intermixed with small swamplands.
- It also includes an abundant cover of water lilies, water hyacinths and lotus.
- It is home to the One-horned rhinoceros, Leopard, Fishing Cat, other Lesser cats, royal Bengal tiger, Large Indian Civet, Small Indian Civet, Sambar, Barking deer, Hog deer, Gaur, Hog Badger, Capped Langur, etc.
- It is also one of the last remaining homes of the endangered and endemic western hoolock gibbon, the only species of apes found in India.
- It is one of the last homes of the critically endangered Bengal florican.
Q1) What is alluvial soil?
Alluvial soil is a type of soil that is formed by the deposition of sediment carried by rivers, streams, and floodwaters. It is one of the most fertile types of soil and is widely found in river valleys, floodplains, and deltas.