Recently, the Goa Bench of the Bombay High Court directed the Government of Goa to notify the 208 sq. km. Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary (WLS) and its surrounding areas as a tiger reserve, and issue a notification within three months.
About Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary:
- It is located in the Northern Part of Goa.
- There are a number of picturesque waterfalls within the sanctuary boundaries.
- The most prominent are the Vazra Sakla Falls and the Virdi Falls.
- The cliff face near the Vazra falls is notable for being the nesting grounds of the critically endangered Long-billed vultures.
- The sanctuary is thickly forested with moist deciduous vegetation and some evergreen species too.
- The sanctuary is particularly well-known for its sacred groves that protect rare and indigenous trees.
- Fauna: Indian gaur, Barking deer, Sambar deer, Asian palm civet, small Indian civet, Wild boar, Indian hare etc.
- The sanctuary is a huge attraction for herpetologists since it contains a large variety of snakes including all of the ‘big four’ of Indian venomous snakes which are the Indian krait, Russell’s viper, Saw-scaled viper and Spectacled cobra.
Q1) What is deciduous forest?
A deciduous forest is a type of biome characterized by the prevalence of deciduous trees, which are trees that shed their leaves seasonally. These forests can be found in temperate regions around the world, including parts of North America, Europe, and Asia.