Recently, there has been an increase in reported cases of Monkeypox from some countries, particularly in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific Region.
- What it is? It is a viral disease that primarily spread to the human population through zoonotic spillovers, with rodents and primates serving as potential reservoirs.
- The first case in humans was reported in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
- Transmission: It can be transmitted between humans through close contact and exposure to infected bodily fluids or lesions.
- Incubation period: The incubation period (the period between exposure to an infection and the appearance of the first symptoms) of monkeypox is usually from 6 to 13 days but can range from 5 to 21 days.
- Symptoms: Common symptoms of mpox are a skin rash or mucosal lesions, Fever, rash and swollen lymph nodes which may lead to a range of medical complications.
- There is no effective vaccine available for Monkeypox infection.
Q1) What are Lymph nodes?
Lymph nodes are small, bean-shaped organs of the lymphatic system that play a crucial role in the body's immune response. They are distributed throughout the body and are connected by lymphatic vessels. Lymph nodes filter lymphatic fluid and help in the detection and elimination of harmful substances, such as bacteria, viruses, and abnormal cells.