About Mudumalai Tiger Reserve

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About Mudumalai Tiger Reserve Blog Image


Recently, the Prime Minister of India interacted with Bomman and Bellie, the tribal couple who were featured in the Oscar-winning documentary ‘The Elephant Whisperers’ at the Theppakadu Elephant Camp in the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR).

About Mudumalai Tiger Reserve:

  • It is located in the Nilgiris District of Tamil Nadu state at the tri-junction of three states, viz, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
  • The name Mudumalai means the ancient hill range because it is as old as 65 million years when the Western Ghats were formed.
  • It has a common boundary with Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (Kerala) on the West, and Bandipur Tiger Reserve (Karnataka) on the North.
  • The Theppakadu elephant camp is a popular tourist attraction.
  • Flora: A variety of habitats ranging from tropical evergreen forest, moist deciduous forest, moist teak forest, dry teak forest, secondary grasslands and swamps are found here.
  • Fauna: Elephants, Gaur, Tiger, Panther, Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Porcupine etc. 

Key Facts about Theppakadu elephant camp

  • It is the oldest elephant camp in Asia. This elephant camp was established 100 years before.
  • It is located on the bank of the river Moyar.
  • In this elephant, camp elephants are mainly used in Human- Wild animal conflicts, Forest Mansoon patrolling, eco-tourism, elephant conservation, Education etc.


Q1) Where are the Nilgiri Mountains?

These are a range of mountains in southern India, located mainly in the state of Tamil Nadu. The highest peak in the range is Doddabetta, which stands at 2,637 meters (8,652 feet) above sea level.

Source: Prime Minister Modi interacts with ‘Elephant Whisperers’ Bomman, Bellie at Theppakadu Elephant Camp in the Nilgiris