About Nallamala Forest

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Overview:

While forest officials are attempting to ensure privacy and protection for tigers in the Nallamala forest areas to safeguard their reproductive cycle.

About Nallamala Forest:

 

  • It is one of the largest stretches of undisturbed forest in South India, apart from the Western Ghats.
  • Location:
    • It is spread over five districts in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
    • It is located in Nallamala Hills, which is a part of the Eastern Ghats]
    • It lies south of the Krishna river.
  • The forest has a good tiger population, and a part of the forest belongs to the Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve, the largest tiger reserve in the country.
  • Climate:
    • It has a warm to hot climate throughout the year, with summer especially hot and winters mostly cool and dry.
    • It gets most of its rain during the South West monsoon.
  • Vegetation: Tropical dry deciduous.
  • Flora: It harbors endemic species like Andrographis nallamalayana, Eriolaenalushingtonii, Crotalaria madurensis var, Diclipterabeddomei and premnahamitonii.
  • Fauna: It is home to as many as 700 species of animals besides tigers, leopards, such as black buck, wild hog, peacock, pangolin, Indian Python and King Cobras and several rare bird species.

 


Q1) Which are the major tributaries of Krishna river?

Krishna river rises in the Western Ghats at an elevation of about 1337 m. just north of Mahabaleshwar, about 64 km from the Arabian Sea and flows for about 1400 km and outfalls into the Bay of Bengal. The principal tributaries joining Krishna are the Ghataprabha, the Malaprabha, the Bhima, the Tungabhadra and the Musi.

Source: Human-wildlife conflict worsens in Nallamala region