About Orang National Park

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Recently, one old Rhino died due to infighting in Orang National Park and tiger reserve

About Orang National Park:

  • It is located on the north bank of the Brahmaputra River in the Darrang and Sonitpur districts of Assam, India.
  • It was established as a sanctuary in 1985 and declared a National Park in April 1999.
  • It spreads over an area of 78.80 sq. kms.
  • It is also a Tiger Reserve (49th)of the country which was notified in 2016.
  • It is also known as the mini Kaziranga National Park (IUCN site) since the two parks have a similar landscape made up of marshes, streams and grasslands and are inhabited by the Great Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros.
  • Fauna:
    • The park has a rich fauna, including Great Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros, pigmy hog, elephants, wild buffalo and tigers.
    • Here 222 species of Birds have so far been recorded, some of which are- Spot Billed Pelican, White Pelican, Greater Adjutant Stork, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Brahminy Duck, Bengal Florican etc.
    • Reptiles: Indian Rock Python, Black Krait, King Cobra, Cobra, Monitor Lizard.
  • Flora: Natural Forest including species of Sterculia Villosa, Zizyphus Jujuba, Dalbergia Sissoo, Bombax Ceiba, Litsaea Polyantha; Non-Aquatic Plants etc.


Q1) Who invented Kaziranga National Park?

In 1968, the government of Assam passed the Assam National Park Act of 1968, for the creation of the national park. Finally, in the year 1974, 430 sq. Km of the area was added and declared as Kaziranga National Park.

Source: Rhino Carcass Found at Orang National Park in Assam