About Pilibhit Tiger Reserve

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Pilibhit Tiger Reserve (PTR) has embarked on an ambitious journey by formulating its inaugural 'five-year-plan' to safeguard turtles, conduct species identification and estimate their populations both within and outside the reserve.

About Pilibhit Tiger Reserve:


  • It is located in Pilibhit District, Lakhimpur Kheri District and Bahraich District of Uttar Pradesh.
  • It lies along the India-Nepal border in the foothills of the Himalayas and the plains of the ‘terai’ in Uttar Pradesh
  • The river Gomti originates from the reserve, which is also the catchment of several others like Sharda, Chuka and Mala Khannot. river Gomti ,
  • The Sharda Sagar Dam extending up to a length of 22 km (14 mi) is on the boundary of the reserve. 
  • Vegetation: North Indian moist deciduous type.
  • Flora:
    • It is characterized by sal forests, tall grasslands and swamps, maintained by periodic flooding from rivers.
    • The sal woodland is very dense with good natural regeneration, amounting to almost 76% of the reserve area.
    • The forest patches are interspersed with grass meadows with several species like Sacchrum, Sclerostachya, Imperata, Themeda, Bothriochloa, Vetiveria, Apluda, Dichanthium, Digitaria and Cyperus.
  • Fauna: It is home to a myriad of wild animals including the endangered tiger, swamp deer, Bengal florican, hog deer, leopard, etc.


Q1) What is the Moist deciduous forest?

Moist deciduous" refers to a type of forest biome characterized by deciduous trees that shed their leaves during a specific season, typically in response to changes in temperature and daylight. Moist deciduous forests are found in regions with a seasonal climate, where there is a distinct dry season and a wet season.

Source: Pilibhit Tiger Reserve, TSA join hands for turtles and tortoises conservation