The Supreme Court recently voiced concern over lakhs of devotees visiting the ancient Pandupol temple situated in the core area of Sariska Tiger Reserve.
About Sariska Tiger Reserve:
- Location: It is located in the Aravalli hills in the Alwar district of Rajasthan.
- This area was a hunting preserve of the erstwhile Alwar state.
- It was declared as a wildlife reserve in 1955 and then a Tiger Reserve in 1978 under Project Tiger.
- It is the first reserve in the world which successfully relocated tigers.
- Sariska is also famous for old temples, palaces and lakes such as Pandu Pol, Bhangarh Fort, Ajabgarh, Pratapgarh, Siliserh Lake and JaiSamand Lake.
- Topography: Grasslands, dry deciduous forests, cliffs, and rocky landscapes.
- Nearly 90% of the area in the sanctuary is covered with dhok trees.
- Other species found include salar, kadaya , gol , ber , Banyan, gugal , bamboo, kair , adusta etc
- Fauna: A variety of other wild animals like the leopard, sambhar, chital, nilgai, four-horned antelope, wild boar, rhesus macaque, langur, hyena and jungle cats are found in the Sariska Tiger Reserve apart from the tiger.
Q1) What is Project Tiger?
The Govt. of India had launched “Project Tiger” on 1st April 1973 to promote conservation of the tiger. Project Tiger has been the largest species conservation initiative of its kind in the world. While the field implementation of the project, protection and management in the designated reserves is done by the project States, who also provide the matching grant to recurring items of expenditure, deploy field staff/officers, and give their salaries, the Project Tiger Directorate of the Ministry of Environment and Forests was mandated with the task of providing technical guidance and funding support.