About Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve

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A male tiger was recently discovered dead in the Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve (STR), after getting ensnared in a trap intended for deer.

About Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve:


  • Location:
    • It is located at the junction of the Eastern and the Western Ghats in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, in the Erode District of Tamil Nadu.
    • Its area is contiguous with the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, Bandipur Tiger Reserve (Karnataka) and BR Tiger Reserve and Wildlife Sanctuary (Karnataka). 
  • Together, these reserves — forming the Nilgiris biosphere landscape — have the biggest tiger population in the world, at over 280 tigers.
  • Terrain: It is hilly and undulated with altitude ranging between 750m and 1649m.
  • Vegetation: It consists of southern tropical dry thorn forests, mixed deciduous forests, semi-evergreen forests, and Riparian forests.
  • Climate:
    • It is subtropical and dry.
    • The summers are hot and dry; the monsoons are wet and cooler, with river flooding.
  • Rivers: Some of the prominent rivers in the region include the Bhavani, Moyar, and Noyyal rivers.
  • Tribal Communities: It is home to several indigenous tribal communities, including the Irula and Kurumba tribes.
  • Flora: Common Species of trees and shrubs found are Albizzia amara Chloroxylon swictenia, Gyrocarpus jacquini, Neem, Tamarind, Sandalwood, Randi dumetorum, Zizyphus and associates.
  • Fauna: The major species are Elephant, Tiger, Panther, Sloth bear, Gaur, Black Buck, Spotted deer, Wild boar, Black napped hare, Common langur Nilgiri langur, Striped neck mongoose and Bonnet macaque.


Q1) Where is the origin of Bhavani river?

It is on top of the Nilgris Hills of Western Ghats that the Bhavani River is born.Bhavani River, which runs for a length of 217 km, covers the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. It is the second biggest river in Tamil Nadu and a major distributary of the reputed Cauvery River.

Source: Male tiger tragically killed in snare meant for deer in Tamil Nadu's Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve