Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft

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Recently, the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) cleared a Rs 15,000 crore project to design and develop the Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA).

About Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft

  • It is India’s fifth-generation multirole fighter jet.
  • Features
    • It will have advanced stealth features to avoid detection by enemy radar.
    • Fuel and Weapon: The aircraft will have a large, concealed internal fuel tank of 6.5-tonne capacity, and an internal weapons bay for a range of weapons, including indigenous weapons.
    • Engine: The AMCA Mk1 variant will have the US-built GE414 engine of the 90 kilonewton (kN) class, while the more advanced AMCA Mk2 will fly on the more powerful 110kN engine, which will be developed indigenously by DRDO’s Gas Turbine Research Establishment (GTRE) in collaboration with a foreign defence major.
    • The aircraft will have a low electro-magnetic signature, which will make it difficult for enemy radar to detected it.
    • At the same time, it will have powerful sensors and new weapons, so it is able to register the signature of enemy aircraft and take them out.
  • The Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) under the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) will be the nodal agency for executing the programme and designing the aircraft.
  • It will be manufactured by state-owned Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).

Q1) What is GE F414 Fighter Jet Engine?

It is a high-performance, two-spool, axial-flow turbofan engine that is used to power a variety of military aircraft, including the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet, the JAS 39 Gripen, and the Tejas Mark II. It is a derivative of the GE F404 engine, which was developed in the 1970s. It has been used by U.S. Navy aircraft for more than 30 years.

Source: All about India’s indigenous fifth-gen fighter jet AMCA, and why it is important