Agni-1 Missile

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Recently, a successful training launch of a medium-range ballistic missile, Agni-1 was carried out by the Strategic Forces Command from APJ Abdul Kalam Island, Odisha.

About Agni-1 Missile:

  • Agni- 1 ballistic missile is a medium-Range Ballistic Missile having range 700–900 km.
  • It is a single-stage, solid-fuel missile.
  • It is capable of carrying a nuclear warhead with an estimated payload of 1,000 kg.
  • The latest upgrade to the Agni-1 missile includes a new guidance system that makes it more accurate and a new warhead that increases its destructive power.
  • It is road-mobile, which gives it a high degree of mobility and makes it difficult for an enemy to target.
  • It was first test-fired in 2002.
  • The Indian Army’s Strategic Forces Command first deployed this missile in 2007.
  • The Agni-I originated from India’s 1983 Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP).

About IGMDP:

  • It was a programme for the R&D of the comprehensive range of missiles in India, started in 1982–83 under the leadership of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam.
  • It was a Ministry of Defence programme managed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
  • Types of missiles under the programme: APJ Abdul Kalam started multiple projects simultaneously to develop the following types of Indian Guided Missiles -
    • Short Range Surface to Surface Missile (SSM) ‘Prithvi’
    • Long Range Surface to Surface Missile (SSM) ‘Agni’
    • Medium Range Surface to Air Missile (SAM) ‘Akash’
    • Short Range Surface to Air Missile (SAM) ‘Trishul’
    • Anti-tank Guided Missile (ATGM) ‘Nag’


Q1) What is nuclear warhead?

A nuclear warhead is a device designed to be mounted on a missile or other delivery system and capable of releasing an immense amount of energy through a nuclear reaction. It is the explosive component of a nuclear weapon.

Source: India conducts successful training launch of Agni-1 ballistic missile