India recently test fired intermediate-range ballistic missile Agni-3 from APJ Abdul Kalam Island, Odisha.
- The successful test was part of routine user training launches carried out under the aegis of the Strategic Forces Command.
- The launch was carried out for a predetermined range and validated all operational parameters of the system
- Agni-3 is the third entrant in the Agni missile series and was first tested on July 9, 2006.
- But it developed a technical snag and had fell into the sea off Odisha coast without hitting the target.
- The Agni-3 missile was test fired successfully in its second flight in 2007 and then at its third consecutive launch in 2008.
- It has a range of 3,500 km and has the capability of carrying warhead weighing as much as 1.5 tonnes.
- Due to its high range of circular error probable (CEP), Agni-3 missile is known as world's most accurate strategic ballistic missile of its range class.
- The accuracy of the nuclear warhead also provides an opportunity of deploying larger number of nuclear force using less fusion material.
- The low weight of the payload has increased the target range of the missile to 3,500 kilometre.
- Agni series of missiles constitute the backbone of India’s nuclear weapons delivery which also includes the Prithvi short range ballistic missiles and fighter aircraft.
- India has also completed its nuclear triad and operationalised its second strike capability, with nuclear ballistic missile submarine INS Arihant undertaking deterrence patrols.
- Recently, India also successfully test fired the new generation advanced version of Agni missile series, Agni Prime.
- Also known as Agni-P, the nuclear-capable new-gen advanced variant has a maximum range of 2,000 kilometre.
Source : PIB