What is Agnibaan SOrTeD?

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What is Agnibaan SOrTeD? Blog Image


For the second time, the launch of AgniKul ‘Agnibaan SOrTeD’ has been postponed.

About Agnibaan SOrTeD

  • Agnibaan SubOrbital Technological Demonstrator (SOrTeD) is a single-stage launch vehicle powered by AgniKul’s patented Agnilet engine.
    • It is an entirely 3D-printed, single-piece, 6 kilonewton (kN) semi-cryogenic engine.
    • It is the world’s first single piece 3D printedsemi-cryogenic rocket engine.
  • It will be launched from India's first private launchpad, ALP-01,located inside the Indian space agency ISRO’s Sriharikota spaceport. 


  • It is India’s first ever vehicle equipped with a semicryogenic engine, the Agnilet, a subcooled liquidoxygen-based propulsion system developed indigenously.
  • The rocket engine will burn kerosene in liquid oxygen and can be directly used in the rocket.
  • It stands 18 meters tall and is 1.3 meters in diameter.
  • It has the capability to carry a 100-kg payload up to a height of 700 km with a lift of mass of 14,000 Kgs. 
  • It can access both low- and high-inclination orbits and is completely mobile.
  • It will also have the first ever Ethernet-based avionics architecture and fully in-house developed autopilot software from India.
  • The rocket is also designed for launch from more than 10 different launch ports. 
  • To ensure its compatibility with multiple launch ports, AgniKul has built a launch pedestal named 'Dhanush' that will support the rocket's mobility across all its configurations.

Points to Remember

  • AgniKul Cosmos is an IIT Madras incubated space start up based in Chennai.
  • It was established in 2017.
  • It became the first company in the country to sign an agreement with ISROunder the IN-SPACe initiative to have access to the space agency’s expertise and its facilities to build Agnibaan in December 2020.
  • In 2022, Agnikul inaugurated India’s first private launchpad and mission control centre at Satish Dhawan Space Centre.

Q1: What is the Indian National Space Promotion and Authorisation Centre (IN-SPACe)?

It is a single-window, independent, nodal agency that functions as an autonomous agency in the Department of Space (DOS). It is formed following the Space sector reforms to enable and facilitate the participation of private players. The agency acts as an interface between ISRO and Non-Governmental Entities (NGEs) and assesses how to utilize India's space resources better and increase space-based activities.