All About Bandipur Tiger Reserve

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Bandipur Tiger Reserve recently completed 50 years as a Project Tiger Reserve.

About Bandipur Tiger Reserve:

  • It was established in the 1930s as a wildlife sanctuary, which became a tiger reserve in 1973 under Project tiger.
  • It is situated in two contiguous districts (Mysore and Chamarajanagar) of Karnataka and located at the tri-junction area of the States of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.
  • Bandipur Tiger Reserve is surrounded by:
    • Nagarahole Tiger Reserve (Tamil Nadu) in the North West (Kabini Reservoir separates the two).
    • Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (Tamil Nadu) in the South.
    • Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (Kerala) in the South West.
  • This area has the River Kabini in its north and River Moyar in its south.
  • Flora: It comprises diverse vegetation of dry deciduous to tropical mixed deciduous. It includes rosewood, Indian kino tree, sandalwood, Indian laurel, clumping bamboo and giant clumping bamboo etc.
  • Fauna: It is a shelter for the largest population of wild Asian elephants in South Asia. It comprises other mammals such as Bengal tiger, gaur, sloth bear, golden jackal, dhole and four-horned antelope etc.


Q1) What is Project Tiger?

The Govt. of India had launched “Project Tiger” on 1st April 1973 to promote conservation of the tiger. Project Tiger has been the largest species conservation initiative of its kind in the world.

Source: Bandipur completes 50 years as Project Tiger Reserve, but its legacy dates back to the Maharajas