The Pazhathottam area in Anamudi Shola National Park, near Munnar, in Idukki has transformed into a green heaven teeming with life.
About Anamudi Shola national park:
- It is located in the state of Kerala.
- It is surrounded by Eravikulam National park, Pampadum Shola National park, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary and Mathikettan Shola Park.
- It consists of southern subtropical hill forests, southern montane wet temperate forests and moist deciduous forests.
- The unique thing in the dense shola woods that houses a dense patch of stunted trees will be the luxurious presence of lichen, mosses, and climbers.
- Flora: The place is home to around 174 species of herbs and shrubs, 62 species of trees and around 40 species of climbers of which quite a few of them are endemic..
- Fauna: Leopards, civet cats, wolves, Indian bison, wild boars, elephants, tigers, Panther, and sloth bears etc.
Q1) What is Lichen?
It is a composite organism that results from a symbiotic relationship between two different organisms: a fungus and an alga or cyanobacterium. This unique partnership allows lichens to survive and thrive in a variety of environments, including harsh and inhospitable ones.