Anamudi Shola national park

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Overview:

The Pazhathottam area in Anamudi Shola National Park, near Munnar, in Idukki has transformed into a green heaven teeming with life.

About Anamudi Shola national park:

  • It is located in the state of Kerala.
  • It is surrounded by Eravikulam National parkPampadum Shola National parkChinnar Wildlife Sanctuary and Mathikettan Shola Park.
  • Vegetation:
    • It consists of southern subtropical hill forests, southern montane wet temperate forests and moist deciduous forests.
    • The unique thing in the dense shola woods that houses a dense patch of stunted trees will be the luxurious presence of lichen, mosses, and climbers.
  • Flora: The place is home to around 174 species of herbs and shrubs, 62 species of trees and around 40 species of climbers of which quite a few of them are endemic..
  • Fauna: Leopards, civet cats, wolves, Indian bison, wild boars, elephants, tigers, Panther, and sloth bears etc.

 


Q1) What is Lichen?

It is a composite organism that results from a symbiotic relationship between two different organisms: a fungus and an alga or cyanobacterium. This unique partnership allows lichens to survive and thrive in a variety of environments, including harsh and inhospitable ones.

Source: The eco-restoration project covers the Anamudi Shola National Park area in Munnar with natural grasslands.