Amrabad Tiger Reserve

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Overview:

The leopard population increased considerably in Amrabad Tiger Reserve, according to the ‘Status of Leopards in India’ report released recently.

About Amrabad Tiger Reserve

  • Location: It is located in the Nagarkurnool and Nalgonda districts in the southern part of Telangana.
  • Spread over 2611.4 square kilometers, it is one of the largest tiger reserves in India. It is the second-largest Tiger Reserve in terms of core area.
  • Earlier, it was part of 'Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve, but post-state bifurcation, the northern part of the reserve was vested with Telangana state and renamed 'Amrabad Tiger Reserve'. The southern portion continues to be 'NSTR' with Andhra Pradesh. 
  • ATR covers a part of the Nallamala Forest and is home to a variety of flora and fauna.
  • Major reservoirs like the Srishailam Dam and Nagarjunsagar Dam are fed by the river Krishna and its several perennial streams that originate in the Tiger Reserve.
  • Flora:
    • Dense grass occurs in 30% of the area and is scattered in an additional 20%.
    • Dominant tree species include Terminalia tomentosa, Hardwickia binata, Madhuca latifolia. Diospyros melanoxylon, Gardenia latifolia, etc.
  • Fauna:
    • Major wild animals found are Tiger, Leopard, Wild dog, Indian Wolf, Indian fox, Rusty-spotted cat, Small Indian civet, Sloth bear, Honeybadger, Wild boar etc.
    • Over 303 bird species have been identified in this region. Some important groups include Eagles, Pigeons, Doves, Cuckoos, Woodpeckers, Drongos etc.

Q1) Which are the major tributaries of Krishna River?

The principal tributaries joining Krishna are the Ghataprabha, the Malaprabha, the Bhima, the Tungabhadra and the Musi.

Source: Amrabad Tiger Reserve plagued with staff and funds crunch