Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve

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A tiger cub was recently found dead with injuries in the core area of Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve (BTR).

About Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve:

  • Location:
    • It is located in the Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh.
    • It is spread over the Vindhya hills.
  • Bandhavgarh was declared a national park in 1968 and then became Tiger Reserve in 1993.
  • It derives its name from the most prominent hillock of the area, which was said to be given by Hindu Lord Rama to his brother Lakshmana to keep a watch on Lanka. Hence the name Bandhavgarh (Sanskrit: Brother's Fort).
  • It is known for the Royal Bengal Tigers. The density of the tiger population at Bandhavgarh is the highest known in India as well as in the world. 
  • Topography: Varies between steep ridges, undulating forests and open meadows
  • Flora:
    • The vegetation of Bandhavgarh is specially filled with Sal forest in the valleys, and Bamboo stretches on the lower slopes of the region.
    • Some of the most famous floral species include Saj (Terminaliatomentosa), Dhaora (Anogeissuslatifolia), Tendu, Arjun (Terminaliaarjuna), Amla (Emblicaofficinalis), Palas (Buteamonosperma) etc.
  • Fauna:
    • The important prey species consists of chital, sambhar, barking deer, nilgai, chinkara, wild pig, chowsingha, langur and rhesus macaque.
    • Dependent upon them are the major predators like tiger, leopard, wild dog, wolf and jackal.


Q1) What is a Tiger Reserve?

Tiger Reserve is a legally declared protected area dedicated to the conservation of striped big cats. A tiger reserve, on the other hand, could be a national park or wildlife sanctuary.

Source: Madhya Pradesh: Tiger cub found dead with injuries in Bandhavgarh reserve