Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)

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Overview:

Senior nuclear scientist Vivek Bhasin recently assumed charge as the director of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC).

About Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)

  • BARC is India’s premier nuclear research establishment, having its headquarters in Trombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra.
  • It operates under the Department of Atomic Energy, which the Prime Minister of India directly oversees.
  • History:
  • Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha conceived the nuclear program in India.
  • Dr. Bhabha established the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) for carrying out nuclear science research in 1945.
  • To intensify the effort to exploit nuclear energy for the benefit of the nation, Dr. Bhabha established the Atomic Energy Establishment, Trombay (AEET), in January 1954 for a multidisciplinary research program essential for the ambitious nuclear program of India.
  • After the demise of Bhabha in 1966, AEET was renamed Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC).
  • Functions:
  • It is engaged in research with the objective of generating knowledge and techniques for nuclear power production, the advancement of nuclear science, the use of radioisotopes in industry, health and agriculture and research in frontier areas of science and technology.
  • It is responsible for the design and development of nuclear reactors, fuel cycle technologies, radiation protection, and safety systems.
  • BARC also plays an important role in nuclear education and training. It offers various training programs for scientists, engineers, and technicians in the areas of nuclear science and technology. 

Q1: What are radioisotopes?

Radioisotopes, also known as radioactive isotopes, are isotopes of chemical elements that exhibit radioactivity. An isotope is a variant of an element with the same number of protons (which determines its chemical properties) but a different number of neutrons in its atomic nucleus. This variation in neutron number gives rise to different isotopes of an element. 

Source: Vivek Bhasin assumes charge as BARC director