Recently, as many as 90 spotted deer have been brought to Sundarban Tiger Reserve from Bibhutibhusan Wildlife Sanctuary as a part of the West Bengal state forest department’s bid to decongest smaller wildlife sanctuaries.
About Bibhutibhusan Wildlife Sanctuary:
- Bibhutibhusan Wildlife Sanctuary, also known as Parmadan Forest is an animal sanctuary in the North 24 Parganas district in West Bengal.
- It is situated on the banks of river Ichamati.
Key facts about the Sundarban Tiger Reserve
- The Sundarbans is located on the delta of the Ganga, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers in the Bay of Bengal.
- In 1973 it was declared a tiger reserve under Project Tiger.
- It is a part of the world’s largest delta and home to the largest mangrove forests.
- Flora: The vegetation of the area is moist tropical forests and tidal forests.
- Fauna: It is home to Royal Bengal Tiger, Estuarine Crocodile, Gangetic Dolphin, Water Monitor Lizard etc.
What is Project Tiger?
- It is a tiger conservation programme launched in April 1973 by the Government of India during Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's tenure.
- Aim: Ensuring a viable population of Bengal tigers in their natural habitats, protecting them from extinction, and preserving areas of biological importance as a natural heritage
Q1) What is the wildlife sanctuary?
An area where animal habitats and their surroundings are shielded from any kind of disturbance is known as a wildlife sanctuary. Animal capturing, killing, and poaching are outright forbidden in these areas.