Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Tiger Reserve (BRT)

1 min read
Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Tiger Reserve (BRT) Blog Image


The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) has written to the Chief Wildlife Warden of the Karnataka State to initiate action against illegal resorts and homestays in Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Tiger Reserve enclosures.

About Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Tiger Reserve (BRT):

  • Location:
    • It is located in Chamarajanagar district of Karnataka State.
    • This unique Bio-geographical habitat is in the middle of the bridge between the Western and Eastern ghats.
  • The tiger reserve derives its name from 'BILIGIRI ', the white rocky cliff which has a temple of Lord 'VISHNU', locally known as ‘Rangaswamy’.
  • It was declared as a Tiger Reserve in 2011.
  • Vegetation: The forests of BRT Tiger Reserve are principally of dry deciduous type and are interspersed with moist deciduous, semi-evergreen, evergreen and shola patches occurring at varying altitudes.
  • Flora: The major species include: Anogeissus latifolia, Dalbergia paniculata, Grewia teliaefolia, Terminalia alata, Terminalia bellirica, Terminalia paniculata etc.
  • Fauna: Animals including tiger, elephant, leopard, wild dog, bison, sambar, spotted deer, barking deer, four-horned antelope, sloth bear, wild boar, common langur, bonnet macaque, varieties of reptiles, birds, etc., are found in the Tiger Reserve.

What is National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA)?

  • It is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change (MoEFCC).
  • It was established in 2006 under Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972.
  • Objectives:
    • Providing statutory authority to Project Tiger so that compliance of its directives becomes legal.
    • Fostering accountability of Center-State in management of Tiger Reserves by providing a basis for MoU with States within the federal structure.
    • Providing for an oversight by Parliament.
    • Addressing livelihood interests of local people in areas surrounding Tiger Reserves.
  • NTCA Composition:
    • Minister in charge of MoEFCC (as Chairperson);
    • Minister of State in MoEFCC (as Vice-Chairperson);
    • three members of Parliament, the Secretary (MoEFCC), and other members;


Q1) What is a Tiger Reserve?

A protected area statutorily designated for the conservation of the striped big cats is referred to as Tiger Reserve. However, a tiger reserve may also be a national park or wildlife sanctuary.

Source: NTCA seeks action on illegal homestays, resorts at BRT Tiger Reserve near Mysuru in south Karnataka