The Prime Minister of India has congratulated Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva on assuming office as the President of Brazil.
- Brazil is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
- Its capital is Brasília.
- It is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east and borders all other countries in South America except Ecuador and Chile.
- Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, the Union of South American Nations, Mercosul etc.
Brazil's physical features can be grouped into five main physiographic divisions:
- The Guiana Highlands in the North
- The Amazon lowlands
- The Pantanal in the Central-West
- The Brazilian Highlands (including the extensive coastal ranges)
- The coastal lowlands
The Brazilian Highlands
- The Brazilian Highlands are a system of plateaus, mountains, and uplands.
- The highest point is Pico da Bandeira, located in the Espinhaço Mountain range.
The Guiana Highlands
- The Guiana Highlands have their smaller southern parts cutting into Brazilian territory.
- The highest summit of the country is located here- Pico da Neblina.
The Amazon River and Basin
- The Amazon River in South America is the largest river by discharge volume of water in the world.
- The Amazon River begins in the Andes Mountains and drains into the Atlantic Ocean.
- The Amazon basin is the part of South America drained by the Amazon River and its tributaries.
- The Amazon drainage basin is located in the countries of Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela.
- Most of the basin is covered by the Amazon Rainforest, also known as Amazonia, which is a dense tropical forest, and also the largest rainforest in the world.
- The Amazon Basin is a vast plain, with huge rivers intersecting its surface, coming from the Andes Mountains, the Brazilian Highlands and the Guyana Uplands.
- The basin is bordered by the Brazilian Highlands on the south and the Guyana Upland on the north.
Q1) What is the name of the famous waterfall in Brazil?
It is Iguazu Falls, which is shared between Brazil and Argentina, also one of the most spectacular waterfalls in the world.