Budget 2023: Initiatives under Last Mile Delivery

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Overview:

The Central Government listed 7 priorities – called ‘Saptarishi’ in Budget 2023- inclusive development, Last mile delivery, Infrastructure, Green growth, Youth power, Unleashing potential, and Financial inclusion.

Key Initiatives under Last mile delivery:

 

Tribal Welfare:

Aspirational Blocks Programme:

  • It aims to improve the performance of blocks lagging on various development parameters.
  • This will enable holistic development in those areas that require added assistance.
  • The programme will cover 500 districts across 31 states and Union Territories initially.
  • Over half of these blocks are in 6 states—Uttar Pradesh (68 blocks), Bihar (61), Madhya Pradesh (42), Jharkhand (34), Odisha (29), and West Bengal (29). 
  • It is on the lines of the Aspirational District Programme that was launched in 2018 and covers 112 districts across the country.

 

Pradhan Mantri PVTG Development Mission:

  • The mission will saturate the particularly vulnerable tribal groups with safe housing, clean drinking water, education, nutrition, road, and telecom connection, and livelihood.
  • A budget of Rs 15,000 crore will be dedicated to this mission in the next three years.
  • The scheme will benefit 3.5 lakh tribals.

 

Eklavya Model Residential Schools:

  • EMRS started in the year 1997-98 to impart quality education to ST children in remote areas.
  • Implementing ministry: Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
  • EMRSs will be set up in every block with more than 50% ST population and at least 20,000 tribal persons.
  • Budget 2023: In the next three years, the center will recruit 38,800 teachers and support staff for the 740 Eklavya Model Residential Schools

 

Water for Drought Prone Region:

  • Central assistance of 5,300 crores will be given to Upper Bhadra Project.
  • Upper Bhadra Project:
    • It is a major lift irrigation Scheme under implementation in the central region of Karnataka State.
    • It is planned to irrigate 2,25,515 hectares by micro irrigation in drought-prone districts of Chikkamagalur, Chitradurga, Tumkur and Davangere.
    • It also proposes to recharge groundwater tables and provide drinking water by filling 367 tanks with six tmcft water in drought-prone taluks.

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Bharat Shared Repository of Inscriptions (Bharat SHRI):

  • It will be set up in a digital epigraphy museum, with the digitization of one lakh ancient inscriptions in the first stage.

 


Q1) Who are PVTG (Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups)?

PVTGs are more vulnerable among the tribal groups who are in need of greater support and development. Out of the 705 Scheduled Tribes in India, 75 have been identified as PVTGs

Source: Union Budget 2023: Here Are "Saptarshi" - The 7 Priorities Of Union Budget