Recently, officials from the Indian Coast Guard and the customs department arrested four men who were allegedly in possession of sea cucumber and raw turmeric.
About Sea Cucumber
- This species is a part of a larger animal group called echinoderms and are invertebrates that live on the seafloor.
- Their body shape is similar to a cucumber, but they have small tentacle-like tube feet that are used for locomotion and feeding.
- There are about 1,250 species of sea cucumber, all of which belong to the taxonomic class Holothuroidea.
- They are found in all marine environments throughout the world, from shallow to deep-sea environments.
- These are benthic, meaning they live on the ocean floor.
- They excrete inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus, enhancing the productivity of benthic biota.
- They exhibit sexual and asexual reproduction.
- Unlike most terrestrial animals, sea cucumber eggs undergo external fertilization—females release eggs into the water that are fertilized when they come into contact with sperm that males have released.
- Conservation status
- CITES: Appendix II
- Wildlife Protection Act of 1972: Schedule I
Q1) What are Echinoderms?
These are a diverse group of marine animals belonging to the phylum Echinodermata. They are characterized by several unique features, including a radial symmetry, a spiny or prickly skin, and a water vascular system. Echinoderms are exclusively found in marine environments and are known for their remarkable regenerative abilities.