Carbon-Based Perovskite Solar Cells (CPSCs)

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Recently, Indian scientists have indigenously developed highly stable, low-cost Carbon-based perovskite solar cells with superior thermal and moisture stability.

About Carbon-Based Perovskite Solar Cells (CPSCs)

  • It is the first indigenous perovskite-powered niche product developed in India and can pave the way for futuristic stable perovskite solar cells.
  • Issues with Perovskite photovoltaic cells
    • They face the problem of degradation during operation when they come in contact with heat, moisture, light, and other environmental factors.
    • This long-duration stability is a major hindrance in the large-scale commercialisation of the product.
  • While Carbon-based perovskite solar cells (CPSCs) have been successful in minimizing device stability issues and fabrication costs, the sensitivity of perovskite materials toward humidity and thermal stress is a major obstacle for practical implementation.
  • Scientists have engineered MaPbI3 (MAPI-Methylammonium-lead-iodide) to attain thermal stability by incorporating Guanidinium iodide (GuI) and moisture stability by surface passivation using 5- amino valeric acid iodide (5-AVAI).
  • Significance:
    • The indigenously developed perovskite solar cells can help resolve stability concerns in PSCs, bring down high fabrication costs and could help speed up commercialization in PSC-based niche products.

What is Perovskite?

  • It is a material that has the same crystal structure as the mineral calcium titanium oxide (CaTiO3), the first-discovered perovskite crystal.
  • The mineral was discovered in the Ural Mountains of Russia by Gustav Rose in 1839 and is named after Russian mineralogist Lev Perovski.
  • Generally, perovskite compounds have a chemical formula ABX3, where ‘A’ and ‘B’ represent cations, and X is an anion that bonds to both.
  • A large number of different elements can be combined together to form perovskite.
  • Due to its compositional flexibility, scientists can design perovskite crystals to have a wide variety of physical, optical, and electrical characteristics from insulating, semiconducting, metallic, and superconducting characteristics.

Q1) What is Semiconductor?

Semiconductors are a class of materials that have electrical conductivity between that of a conductor (like copper or aluminum) and an insulator (like rubber or glass). They are a fundamental component of modern electronics and play a crucial role in the field of semiconductor devices and technology.

Source: Low-cost perovskite solar cells with superior thermal and moisture stability developed indigenously by Indian scientists