What is the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS)?

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What is the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS)? Blog Image

Overview:

The Cabinet Committee on Security recently cleared the acquisition of over 200 BrahMos extended-range supersonic cruise missiles for deployment on its warships.

What are Cabinet Committees?

  • Cabinet Committees are extra-constitutional, meaning, they are not mentioned in the Indian Constitution. 
  • They are partly designed to reduce the burden on the Union Cabinet by allowing smaller groups of ministers to take decisions on specific policy areas. 
  • They are constituted or reconstituted when a new government takes over or the Cabinet undergoes a reshuffle.
  • The Prime Minister constitutes the Standing Committees of the Cabinet and sets out the specific functions assigned to them.
    • The composition of cabinet committees in India can range from three to eight members, which typically consist of only Cabinet Ministers. 
    • However, non-cabinet ministers may also be appointed as members.
    • All cabinet committees are chaired by the prime minister or a senior cabinet minister and will have a number of cabinet ministers as members. However, f the Prime Minister is a committee member, he will be the head of the committee.
  • There are a total of eight cabinet committees, which are listed below:
    • Appointments Committee of the Cabinet.
    • Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs.
    • Cabinet Committee on Political Affairs.
    • Cabinet Committee on Investment and Growth.
    • Cabinet Committee on Security.
    • Cabinet Committee on Parliamentary Affairs.
    • Cabinet Committee on Employment and Skill Development.
    • Cabinet Committee on Accommodation.
  • All committees except the Cabinet Committee on Accommodation and the Cabinet Committee on Parliamentary Affairs are headed by the Prime Minister.

About Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS)

  • CCS is headed by the Prime Minister.
  • The Committee discusses, debates, and is the apex body when it comes to the appointments of the officials in the national security bodies.
  • It also makes all the important decisions on defence policy and expenditure and, generally, all matters of India’s security.
  • Members:
    • Prime Minister of India
    • Union Minister of Defence
    • Union Minister of Home Affairs
    • Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs
    • Union Minister of External Affairs
  • Functions:
    • The CCS deals with all the issues related to the defence and security of India.
    • The CCS deals with all issues related to the law and order of our country and national security.
    • It discusses different initiatives to take to enhance the national security of India.
    • It also deals with policy matters of foreign affairs which may have a bearing on internal or external security implications, including cases relating to agreements with other countries on security-related issues.
    • The Committee discusses the political issues which can impact the security of our nation.
    • It reviews the conditions and the manpower of the national security bodies and makes the required changes to increase national security.
    • The CCS considers each case that involves a capital expenditure of more than Rs 1,000 crore in respect of the Department of Defence Production and Department of Defence Research and Development.
    • It also deals with every issue related to atomic energy and also considers cases of an increase in the firmed-up cost estimates or revised cost estimates.

Q1) What is BrahMos?

It is a supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from land, sea, and air. It has been developed by Brahmos Aerospace, a joint venture of India and Russia. It is named after the rivers Brahmaputra (India) and Moskva (Russia).It is one of the fastest cruise missiles currently operationally deployed, with a speed of Mach 2.8, which is nearly three times more than the speed of sound.

Source: Cabinet Committee on Security approves ₹19,000 crore mega Navy deal for BrahMos missiles