Chandaka-Dampara wildlife sanctuary

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Chandaka-Dampara wildlife sanctuary Blog Image

Overview:

After relocating deer from Cuttack, the Odisha state government is planning to introduce Sambar and Gaur (bison) in the Chandaka-Dampara wildlife sanctuary.

About Chandaka-Dampara wildlife sanctuary 

  • It is located in Khurda district of Odisha represents the north-eastern limits of Eastern Ghats. 
  • It is also a home to a number of threatened wild animals and birds.
  • This landscape got sanctuary status in 1982.
  • The climate of the area is tropical with three distinct and well marked seasons i.e. summer, Rainy season and winter.
  • Vegetation: Flora is moderately diverse with intimate mixture of evergreen and deciduous elements. The area comes under semi-evergreen forest zone but the interplay of biotic factors has changed the original character of the vegetation.
  • Flora: Dhaman (Grewia Tiliaefolia), Bankapasia (Kydia calycina), Jamu (Syzyggium Cuminii), Gandhana (Premna mucronata), Kansa (Hymenodictyon excelsum), Kusum (Schleichera oleosa), Marua (Vitex pinnata), Sidha (Lagerstroemia parviflora), Karanja, Thorny bamboo etc.
  • Fauna: Elephants, Chital, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Rhesus Monkey, Pangolin, Sloth Bear, Indian Wolf, Hyena and other mammals.

Q1) What is Deciduous forest?

It is a vegetation composed primarily of broad-leaved trees that shed all their leaves during one season. Deciduous forest is found in three middle-latitude regions with a temperate climate characterized by a winter season and year-round precipitation: eastern North America, western Eurasia, and northeastern Asia.

Source: Odisha: Sambar, bison to be introduced in Chandaka wildlife sanctuary