Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT)

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A Parliamentary committee recently asked the Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT) to decide on a priority basis the cases pending disposal for more than 10 years.

About Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT):

  • The Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT) had been established under Article 323-A of the Constitution.
  • Mandate: To adjudicate disputes and complaints with respect to recruitment and conditions of service of persons appointed to public services and posts in connection with the affairs of the Union or other authorities under the control of the Government.
  • In addition to the Ministries and Departments of Central Government, the Government has notified about 214 organizations under section 14 (2) of the Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985, to bring them within the jurisdiction of the CAT from time to time.
  • There are 17 Benches and 21 Circuit Benches in the CAT all over India.
  • Composition: A bench consists of one Judicial Member and one Administrative Member. 
  • The conditions of service of the Chairman and Members of CAT are the same as applicable to a Judge of High Court.
  • Salaries, Allowances and Conditions of Service of the officers and other employees of the Tribunal are specified by the Central Government.
  • Powers:
    • It exercises jurisdiction only in relation to the service matters of the parties covered by the Administrative Tribunals Act 1985.
    • The Tribunal is guided by the principles of natural justice in deciding cases and is not bound by the procedure prescribed by the Civil Procedure Code. 
    • CAT is empowered to frame its own rules of procedure and practice
    • It has been conferred with the power to exercise the same jurisdiction and authority in respect of contempt of itself as a High Court.


Q1) What is a Parliamentary committee?

A Parliamentary Committee is a panel of MPs that is appointed or elected by the House or nominated by the Speaker. It works under the direction of the Speaker and presents its report to the House or to the Speaker.

Source: Parliament Panel Asks Central Tribunal To Decide Cases Pending For Over 10 Years