Recently, the Supreme Court of India hands over its green watchdog committee, the Central Empowered Committee, to the Environment Ministry.
About Central Empowered Committee:
- It was set up in 2002 (reconstituted in 2008) by the Supreme Court.
- It served as a watchdog for issues pertaining to environmental conservation and compliance.
- Recent changes: According to the union environment ministry’s notification, instead of an ad hoc body, CEC should be instituted as a permanent statutory body on environmental issues.
- Composition of the new CEC
- It will have a chairman with experience of 25 years in the field of environment, forests and wildlife or proven administrative experience of not less than 25 years in the central or state governments.
- He will be nominated by the central government for tenure of three years.
- Age limit 66 years and the level, not below the rank of additional secretary.
- The member secretary will be a full-time serving officer of the government not below the rank of Deputy Inspector General of forests or director in the Government of India.
- This person is required to have special knowledge in the field of environment, forests or wildlife, and experience of at least 12 years.
- The member secretary too will be appointed by the Centre.
- The three expert members will be one each from the fields of the environment, forests and wildlife with experience of at least 20 years.
- They will also be nominated by the Centre for a tenure of three years.
Q1) What is a statutory body?
A statutory body is an organization or entity created and regulated by law through an act of legislation or statute passed by a government. These bodies are typically established to perform specific functions, provide services, or regulate certain activities in accordance with the legal framework defined by the governing legislation.