Central Water Commission

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Overview:

According to recent data, water levels in 110 out of the 146 reservoirs that are monitored by the Central Water Commission (CWC) are 40% or below their capacities.

Key findings:

 

  • Till July 4, around 33% of 717 districts for which data are available received deficient rains, while for another 10%, it was even worse, according to  India Meteorological Department (IMD).
  • As on June 30, water levels in the reservoirs of 10 states are lower than the normal levels based on their 30-year average.
  • The deficiency ranges from 11% to 80% in Bihar, West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Kerala, Karnataka, Tripura and Nagaland.
  • However, the water level was better than the last 10-year average.

 

About Central Water Commission: 

  • It is a premier Technical Organization of India in the field of Water Resources.
  • It is presently functioning as an attached office of the Ministry of Jal Shakti, Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Government of India.
  • Functions
    • The Commission is entrusted with the general responsibilities of initiating, coordinating and furthering in consultation of the State Governments concerned, schemes for control, conservation and utilization of water resources throughout the country, for purpose of Flood Control, Irrigation, Navigation, Drinking Water Supply and Water Power Development.
    • It also undertakes the investigations, construction and execution of any such schemes as required.
  • It is headed by a Chairman, with the status of Ex-Officio Secretary to the Government of India.
  • The work of the Commission is divided among 3 wings namely, Designs and Research (D&R) Wing, River Management (RM) Wing and Water Planning and Projects (WP&P) Wing.
  • Each wing is placed under the charge of a full-time Member with the status of Ex-Officio Additional Secretary to the Government of India.

 


Q1) What is the role of the India Meteorological Department?

The India Meteorological Department (IMD) is the national meteorological service of India. It is responsible for providing weather forecasts, monitoring weather conditions, and issuing warnings related to severe weather events across the country.

Source: Water levels at less than half in 75% of reservoirs: CWC data