Chambal River

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Overview:

In a suspected case of suicide, the bodies of a man and a woman were reportedly recovered from the Chambal River near a jetty in Kota, Rajasthan, recently.

About Chambal River:

  • It is an important river in the Malwa plateau and a principal tributary of the Yamuna River, thus forms part of the greater Gangetic drainage system.
  • It flows through three Indian states: Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh.
  • It is one of the most pollution-free rivers in India.
  • Course:

It rises in the Vindhya Range just south of Mhow, in western Madhya Pradesh.

From its source, it flows northinto southeastern Rajasthan.

Turning northeast, it flows past Kota and along the Rajasthan–Madhya Pradesh border; shifting east-southeast, it forms a portion of the Uttar Pradesh–Madhya Pradesh border and flows through Uttar Pradesh to empty into the Yamuna.

  • Total Length: 960 km.
    • It is a rainfed river, and the overall drainage basin covers an area of 143,219 sq. km.
    • To its south, east, and west, the basin is defined by the Vindhyan mountain ranges, while the north-western boundary is marked by the Aravalli range.
    • Tributaries: The main tributaries of Chambal include the Banas and Mej rivers on the left and the Parbati, KaliSindh, and Shipra rivers on the right.
    • Major Dams: Gandhi Sagar Dam, Rana Pratap Sagar Dam, and Jawahar Sagar Dam.
  • National Chambal Sanctuary:
    • It encapsulates a significant segment of the Chambal River, spanning from the Jawahar Sagar Dam in Rajasthan to the Chambal-Yamuna confluence in Uttar Pradesh. 
    • It was established with the imperative to restore ecological equilibrium to a crucial north Indian river system and to provide comprehensive protection to the highly endangered gharial.

Q1: Which are the main tributaries of Yamuna River?

It has four main tributaries in the Himalayan region: Rishi Ganga, Hanuman Ganga, Tons and Giri. In the plains, the main tributaries are Hindon, Chambal, Sind, Betwa and Ken.

Source: Rajasthan: Two bodies recovered from Chambal river in Kota, police suspect suicide