What is Cholelithiasis?

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What is Cholelithiasis? Blog Image


A recent study sheds light on the complex link between serum lipids, lipid-modifying targets, and cholelithiasis.

About Cholelithiasis

  • The condition of having gallstones is called cholelithiasis.
  • It is a common hepatobiliary condition affecting mostly Western populations.
  • It is a major risk factor for cholangiocarcinoma, which is a kind of bile duct cancer.
  • Gallstones are hardened deposits of digestive fluid that form in the gallbladder.
  • The gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ that lies beneath the liver and stores bile made by the liver.
  • Bile is a digestive fluid made of cholesterol, bile salts, and bilirubin and gets released into the small intestine through the cystic duct and common bile duct, to aid in fat digestion.
  • Causes: The exact cause of cholelithiasis is not entirely clear. Cholelithiasis most commonly results from a chemical imbalance within the contents of the gallbladder in which the bile contains too much cholesterol or bilirubin. 
  • Symptom: The most common symptom of cholelithiasis is abdominal pain localized to the upper right or central abdomen. 
  • Treatment: It may be treated with medications or procedures. 

Q1) What is gallbladder?

A gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ located under your liver that stores and releases bile. Bile is the fluid your liver produces that helps digest fats in the food you eat.

Source: Study finds complex link between lipids and cholelithiasis