Cnemaspis rashidi

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Recently, a new species of gecko has been discovered in the Western Ghats near Rajapalayam in Tamil Nadu.

About Cnemaspis rashidi

  • It is a new species of gecko.
  • So far, 93 species of gecko have been documented and this is the 94th species.
  • The new species is also called Rashid’s dwarf gecko as it is the smallest among the genus.
  • It is approximately two inches long from its snout to vent.
  • It was found at an altitude of 1,245 metres at Kottamalai estate near Rajapalayam.
  • Appearance: It displayed a combination of a beautiful colour pattern of yellow, white and black adorning its back, making it stand out among its gecko relatives. 
  • It is endemic to the Western Ghats.

Key points about Western Ghats

  • It is also called Sahyadri, north–south-running range of mountains in western India. 
  • It forms the crest of the western edge of the Deccan plateau parallel to the Malabar Coast of the Arabian Sea.
  • The Western Ghats are a biodiversity hotspot, a biologically rich but threatened region, and a UNESCO World Heritage site.
  • They play a huge role in India’s monsoon weather pattern.

Q1) What is a plateau?

It is a flat or gently sloping elevated area of land that is characterized by its relatively high elevation above the surrounding terrain. Plateaus can vary in size from small, flat-topped hills to massive, extensive regions covering thousands of square kilometers. They are important geological features and can be found on every continent.

Source: New species of gecko found in Western Ghats near Rajapalayam