What are colours?


11:17 AM

1 min read
What are colours? Blog Image


As the human understanding of colour has improved and its knowledge has also broadened our sense of our place in this world.

About Colours: 

  • It is a type of information our eyes receive and process based on electromagnetic radiation.
  • An object is said to have a colour based on frequencies of visible-light radiation it absorbs, reflects, and/or scatters, we can perceive the object to have a particular colour.
  • How do human eyes identify colours?
    • In the human eye, the rod and the cone cells receive information in the light that strikes the eye: the rod cells record brightness while the cone cells record the wavelengths, which the human brain interprets as colour.
    • Human beings have three types of cone cells. Each type is sensitive to light of a different wavelength, and they work together to input colour information to the brain.
    • The possession of three types of cone cells is why humans are called trichromats.
    • Similarly, while human vision is restricted to wavelengths from 400 nm to 700 nm (visible light), honeybees can also ‘see’ ultraviolet light and mosquitoes and some beetles can access information in some wavelengths of infrared radiation.

How are colours rendered?

  • There are two broad ways to render colours:
    • Additive colouring: In this, light of different wavelengths is ‘mixed’ to yield light of one combined colour. The colours on your smartphone screens and television sets are produced in this way.
    • Subtractive colouring: In subtractive colouring, a colour is rendered by passing white light through a medium that absorbs, or takes away, specific wavelengths of light, leaving the rest to render a particular colour.
    • The typical examples include dyes, pigments, and inks. 

Q1: What is a Neuromorphic camera?

A neuromorphic camera mimics the way the human retina converts light into electrical impulses.

Source: What are colours and how do people understand them? | Explained