Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG)

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Overview:

Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla recently said that CAG is among the most effective and prestigious audit institutions in the world.

About Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG):

  • Comptroller and Auditor General of India is the apex authority responsible for external and internal audits of the expenses of the National and state governments in the country.
  • The Constitution of India provides for an independent office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) in Chapter V.
  • The CAG is mentioned in the Constitution of India under Article 148 – 151.

Constitutional Provisions:

  • Article 148 broadly deals with the CAG appointment, oath and conditions of service.
  • Article 149 deals with duties and powers of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India.
  • Article 150 says that the accounts of the Union and of the States shall be kept in such form as the President may, on the advice of the CAG, prescribe.
  • Article 151 says that the reports of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India relating to the accounts of the Union shall be submitted to the President, who shall cause them to be laid before each House of Parliament.
  • As per Article 279 Calculation of "net proceeds" is ascertained and certified by the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India, whose certificate is final.
  • Third Schedule of the Constitution of India prescribes the form of oath or affirmation to be made by the Judges of the Supreme Court and the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India at the time of assumption of office.

Appointment and Terms of Service:

  • As per Article 148 of the Constitution, there shall be a Comptroller and Auditor-General of India who shall be appointed by the President and can be removed from office only in the manner and on the grounds that a Judge of the Supreme Court is removed.
  • He holds office for a period of six years or upto the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.

Functions of CAG:

  • CAG audits the accounts related to all expenditure from the Consolidated Fund of India, Consolidated Fund of each state and UT’s having a legislative assembly.
  • He audits all expenditure from the Contingency Fund of India and the Public Account of India as well as the Contingency Fund and Public Account of each state.
  • He audits all trading, manufacturing, profit and loss accounts, balance sheets and other subsidiary accounts kept by any department of the Central Government and the state governments.
  • CAG audits the receipts and expenditure of all bodies and authorities substantially financed from the Central or State revenues; government companies; other corporations and bodies, when so required by related laws.
  • He audits the accounts of any other authority when requested by the President or Governor e.g. Local bodies.
  • He advises the President with regard to prescription of the form in which the accounts of the Centre and States shall be kept.

Reports by CAG:

  • The CAG submits his audit reports relating to the accounts of the Centre to the President, who shall, in turn, place them before both the houses of Parliament.
  • He submits 3 audit reports to the President-
    • Audit report on appropriation accounts
    • Audit report on finance accounts
    • Audit report on public undertakings
  • He also submits his audit reports relating to the accounts of a State to the Governor, who shall, in turn, place them before the state legislature.

 


Source : All India Radio