Constitution Day

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India celebrates Constitution Day or Samvidhan Divas on November 26.

About Constitution Day

  • Constitution Day, also known as Samvidhan Divas or National Law Day, is celebrated in India on November 26th each year.
  • This day commemorates the adoption of the Constitution of India on November 26, 1949. The Constitution came into force on January 26, 1950.
  • In 2015, the government decided to celebrate this day to promote constitutional values among citizens.

Constituent Assembly (CA) of India

  • The Constituent Assembly (CA) was set up in 1946 under the Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946.
  • The Assembly held its first meeting on December 9, 1946, and elected Dr. Sachhidanand Sinha, the oldest member of the Assembly, as the Provisional President.
  • On December 11, 1946, the Assembly elected Dr. Rajendra Prasad as its permanent Chairman.
  • The CA took 3 years (1946-49) to complete the drafting.
  • The CA had 299 elected members from provincial legislative assemblies.
  • The CA had 13 committees, including the drafting committee headed by Dr B.R. Ambedkar.
  • The Constitution was adopted in 1949 when 284 members signed it, marking the completion of the Constitution-making process.

Interesting Facts about Indian Constitution

  • It is the world’s longest: The original copy of the Indian Constitution is 251 pages long; it is the most detailed in the world.
  • It is completely handwritten and designed.
  • Sh. Prem Behari Narain Raizada, a master of calligraphic art, singlehandedly handwrote the Constitution.
  • Sh. Nand Lal Bose, a pioneer of modern Indian art, designed the borders of every page of the Constitution and adorned it with art pieces.
  • The original manuscript of the Constitution was written on parchment sheets measuring 16 X 22 inches, having a lifespan of a thousand years. It weighed 3.75 kg.

Q1) Who were the members of the drafting committee of the Indian Constitution?

Seven representatives were members of the Drafting Committee: Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyar, N. Gopalaswami, B.R. Ambedkar, K.M. Munshi, Mohammad Saadulla, B.L. Mitter and D.P. Khaitan. Khaitan. The Drafting Committee elected B.R Ambedkar as its Chairman at its first meeting on 30 August 1947.

Source: Constitution Day Of India: Know Why Do We Celebrate Samvidhan Divas