Corbett Tiger Reserve

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Five people have been killed near Uttarakhand's Corbett Tiger Reserve in the past two months.

About Corbett Tiger Reserve:

  • Location:

o It is located on the foothills of the Himalayas in Uttarakhand.

o By and large, the reserve is spread over the Bhabar and lower Shivalik regions with a deep water table.

  • Corbett is the first national park of India, established in 1936. It was named Hailey National Park then. In 1957, the park was rechristned Corbett National Park in memory of the late Jim Corbett, a great naturalist and eminent conservationist.
  • Today, after the addition of areas to the originally declared National Park, the total area of Tiger Reserve extends to 1288.31 sq. km.
  • Vegetation: In general, the vegetation comprises of sal and mixed forests, interspersed with grasslands and riparian vegetation.
  • The terrain is undulating, with several valleys. The rivers Ramganga, Pallaen, and Sonanadi flow through the valleys.
  • The habitat is characterized by open meadows (chaurs) interspersed with sal and moist, mixed deciduous forests.

o The grasslands are locally known as ‘Chaur’, which are an outcome of abandoned settlements or past clearings.

  • Flora: It consists of evergreen Sal and its combined trees, the Sheesham, and the Kanju found extensively on the ridges.

· Fauna: Tiger and elephant are the charismatic mammals, besides a large array of co-predators (leopard, small carnivores), ungulates (sambar, hog deer, spotted deer), birds, reptiles (gharial, crocodile) and fishes. 

Q1: What is Bhabar?

The Bhabar region is a narrow strip of land located in the Northern Plains of India. As the rivers originating from the mountains flow down, they deposit pebbles in this region. It runs parallel to the slopes of the Shiwaliks and has a width of around 8 to 16 kilometers.

Source:5 killed in conflict with tigers aroundCorbett since Dec