What is Curcuma kakchingense?

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What is Curcuma kakchingense? Blog Image


Three researchers in Manipur recently discovered a new flowering plant species and have named the new species Curcuma kakchingense.

About Curcuma kakchingense:

  • It is a new flowering plant species discovered in Manipur.
  • It is a member of the angiospermic family Zingiberaceae, which includes well-known plants like Curcuma (turmeric), gingers, and cardamom.
  • It is a robust plant, as tall as eight feet, having large terminal inflorescence.
  • It was found thriving along the banks of the Sekmai River in the Kakching District of Manipur.
  • It bears a striking resemblance to Curcuma longa, known locally as "Yaingung," and Curcuma phrayawan, a species from Thailand, but is distinguished by having lemon-yellow rhizomes with a very bitter taste.
  • It has been classified as "Data Deficient" (DD) under the IUCN Red List category.
  • Importance of Curcuma plants:
    • Several Curcuma species, including the turmeric (Curcuma longa are important for their use in cuisines, traditional medicines, spices, dyes, perfumes, cosmetics, and as ornamental plants.
    • Curcumin and several curcuminoids found in curcuma species are nontoxic polyphenolic compounds that have biological activities.
    • The essential oil of curcuma species possesses a wide variety of pharmacological properties, including anti-inflammatory, anti-cancerous, anti-diabetic, anti-hepatotoxic, anti-diarrheal, carminative, diuretic, anti-rheumatic, hypotensive, anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, anti-viral, insecticidal, etc.

Q1) What is terminal inflorescence?

A terminal inflorescence is a type of flower arrangement in plants where the flowers are clustered at the tip or apex (end) of a stem or branch. This means that the flowers are located at the very top of the plant, and they often form a dense cluster or group.

Source:New flowering plant species discovered in Manipur