Debrigarh Wildlife Sanctuary

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Recently, a pair of elusive wild dogs often referred to as Dholes, have made a rare appearance in Debrigarh Wildlife Sanctuary in Odisha’s Bargarh district.

About Debrigarh Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is located between the Hirakud Dam (Mahanadi River) and the Reservoir in the state of Odisha.
  • It was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1985.
  • It finds a special mention because of noted freedom fighter Veer Surendra Sai. 
  • During his rebellion against the British Veer Surendra Saimade his base at ‘Barapathara” located within the sanctuary.
  • Fauna: The beautiful sanctuary is known for its easy sightings of animals particularly Indian Bison, Wild Boars and Sambhar etc.
  • Flora: It has a dry deciduous forest that attracts a host of birds during the winters.

Key facts about Dhole or wild dog

  • It is a wild canid found in the forests of central, south, and southeast Asia. 
  • Distribution:
    • They can be seen as far north as Siberia, as far south as some Malaysian islands, and as far west as the Indian peninsula. 
    • They are found in three clusters across India, namely the Western and Eastern Ghats, the central Indian landscape and North East India.
    • The Western and Eastern Ghats is a stronghold region for dholes.
  • Habitat: They inhabit dense jungles, steppes, mountains, scrub forests, and pine forests. 
  • Conservation status:
    • IUCN :Endangered
    • CITES: Appendix II
    • The Wildlife Protection Act 1972: Schedule II

Q1) Where is Hirakud Dam?

The Hirakud Dam is a major multipurpose dam located in the Indian state of Odisha. It is one of the longest dams in the world and plays a crucial role in water resource management, irrigation, hydroelectric power generation, and flood control in the Mahanadi River basin.

Source: Wild dogs resurface in Odisha’s Debrigarh Sanctuary