Directorate General of Trade Remedies

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Recently, the Directorate General of Trade Remedies (DGTR) has now recommended imposition of anti-dumping duty on sodium cyanide (NaCN) imported from China, the European Union, Japan and Korea.

About Directorate General of Trade Remedies

  • It was earlier known as Directorate General of Anti-dumping and Allied Duties (DGAD) was formed on 17th May 2018.
  • It works as a single national entity dealing with all kinds of Trade Remedial measures (anti-dumping, countervailing, safeguard).
  • It provides a level playing field to the domestic industry against the unfair trade practices like dumping, subsidization and surge in imports.
  • Functions:
    • Conducting anti-dumping investigations and recommendation to Government of India (GoI).
    • Conducting anti-subsidy/CVD investigations and recommendation to GoI.
    • Conducting safeguard investigations and recommendation to GoI
    • Handling Litigation matters before CESTAT, High Courts and Supreme Court of India.
    • Conducting Outreach programmes to create and spread conceptual awareness and explain the working of DGTR
    • Exchange of information with the World Trade Organisation (WTO).
  • Nodal Ministry: It functions as an attached office of the Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

What is Sodium cyanide (NaCN)?

  • It appears as a white crystalline solid, lump solid or powder.
  • It contains equal numbers of sodium cations and cyanide anions.
  • Application
    • It is used as an insecticide, a test reagent for the function of chemoreceptors, and in many industrial processes. 
    • It is also used in the extraction of gold and silver from their respective ores, in electroplating and the heat treatment of metals, and in manufacturing insecticides, dyes, pigments, and bulk drugs, etc.

Q1: What is Countervailing duty (CVD)?

It is a specific form of duty that the government imposes to protect domestic producers by countering the negative impact of import subsidies. CVD is thus an import tax by the importing country on imported products.

Source: DGTR recommends anti-dumping duty on sodium cyanide imports